So if you should like consult with Dr. Keene for a diagnosisas what is causing your hair loss, she offers a female diagnostic consult for anominal fee of $ 150, plus laboratory work if needed. Insulin resistance is another potential factor. Heavy metals similar to lead, arsenic, or mercury, can lead to hair thinning. Therefore if you are a woman experiencing hair loss, non genetic causes of hair loss and thinning occur more frequently in women, you have to be evaluated for other potential causes of hair loss before you consider hair restoration surgery. Consequently, changes in hormones, including estrogen, thyroid, and free testosterone can cause thinning. On days of the chemo treatment, Arkin’s friends obtain 80 dry pounds ice, pack it into ice chests with the caps and haul the chests to Arizona Oncology, 2625 Craycroft Road, where she receives chemo. Therefore the caps need to be changed nearly any 30 minutes. PLANO WAS NAMED FOR THE PLAINS, THE RICH BLACKLAND prairie of cotton farms and alfalfa fields that once rolled out beneath the sky ward Oklahoma.
When it was still a quiet, in 1960 mostly Baptist farming town, it had only 3500 residents, and the bulk of its land was owned by the Haggards and the Harringtons, two local families who had been there since the 1850′ Plano was dry therefore, and there wasn’t much to do on a Saturday night except ol down a country road with the radio on or maybe head over to Lake Dallas for a six pack.
By 1981, with the construction of the Collin Creek Mall, thence the largest mall in North Texas, and the relocation of a few Dallas businesses, it had become a fullfledged city.
Even as recently as the late sixties, it had little more than a Dairy Queen and a pharmacy for landmarks. In the ny Willow Bend neighborhood, the wheaded prairie grasses are tamed into polo grounds. Within a few years hundreds of the prairie land had vanished, swallowed up by rows of strip malls, office parks, and cul de sacs. In the sixties and seventies, expansion of Central Expressway turned the ‘two lane’ ribbon of blacktop that ran through Plano into one of Dallas’ major urban arteries, quickly transforming the wn into a bedroom community. Then, she played it off real well, explains Jonathan Kollman, who unknowingly led Owens to other dealers and was prosecuted with evidence that she had gathered.
Friends sometimes ok her along to buy from bigger dealers, and when they dashed out of the car to trade money for caps, she quickly wrote down dealers’ license plate numbers and addresses on the soles of her shoes.
New students were the norm rather than the exception in Plano’s sprawling senior high schools, and she easily became friends with students who had access to a wide array of drugs.
One time someone sold us empty caps, and she got real mad, just like a junkie will. Friends were kept at arm’s length so that they wouldn’t ask and hereupon chiva from them after school. When the girl ld Owens on the phone that her brother thought she was a narc, privately it sent a chill through her, she laughed it off easily enough. On p of this, deep Ellum with throughout the course of the academic year.
Her act went over well with everyone except for one boy, the older brother of a girl she bought drugs from.
It tracks where seniors are heading to college with brightly colored thumbtacks, the plastic nubs clustered around the country’s finest universities, Plano Senior High reminds students of what’s at stake with a map that hangs near the cafeteria.
Averageness isn’t looked kindly upon. They have a lot of the highest SAT scores in Texas and the second largest advanced placement program in the country, and they have won dozens of state athletic championships. I’m sure it sounds familiar. Without exception, it’s a community of strivers of people who came here to further their careers or improve their standard of living and the burden of their expectations often falls squarely on the shoulders of their children, who are meant, to excel.
There’re cheerleading classes for toddlers, SAT prep classes for students who have barely begun high school, and a dizzying array of extracurricular activities that promise to give kids an edge over the competition.
This fall a third senior high will open.
Whenever giving coaches large pools of potential players from which to pick winning football teams, with 3336 and 2336 students respectively, a preoccupation with being in the p is the unofficial reason that Plano Senior High and Plano East Senior High. Have had unusually high enrollments. Plano’s senior high schools are among the most rigorous in the state and consistently triumph in any sort of achievement that can be ranked, scored, or tallied. Plano no longer has a downtown. Eventually, the low slung headquarters of Penney which has its own jogging trails, day care center, and robots that sort the mail should be a ‘one hundred story’ tall skyscraper if turned on its end. Seriously. Any EDS entrance has its own armed guards, surveillance cameras, and tire shredders to any one a sleek monument to corporate efficiency.
Legacy Drive, where the city’s ambitions are proudly displayed, is the closest thing to a wn center.
With its own auto repair center. Is a small civilization unto itself, a 60000squarefoot health club, even a sunken lake and waterfall to contemplate while eating at one of its three cafeterias.
Its elevated executive suites, that soar over the ‘two story high’ palm trees of its central atrium, are referred to by employees as the God Pod, It is a place of surprising uniformity until this past fall, male EDS employees were required to wear ties and whitish dress shirts and its design reflects a rigid hierarchy. Of course ross Perot bought a large spread of land in West Plano’s northwest corner in 1982 and built the monolithic, reflective light green glass bunker, surrounded by a chainlink fence and barbed wire, that now serves as headquarters for Electronic Data Systems. Make sure you scratch suggestions about it in the comment box. Whenever prolonging its effects and eliminating heroin’s runny noses and watery eyes with an added antihistamine, and it was given away for free at first, handed out with the pot and cocaine that teenagers were already buying on the east side, it was cut with Dormin, an over the counter sleeping pill that slowed down the high.
Competition between the Mexican and Colombian drug cartels for control of the emerging heroin market drove up the purity of the drug from 5 or 6 percent a decade ago to upward of 50 percent in the past two years making it a popular drug with a brand new crowd.
While delivering very similar high without the needles, its potency meant that it might be snorted rather than injected.
Neatly packaged in gel caps, it was the blissful high of heroin without the mess, and many teenagers figured that if they weren’t shooting it, they weren’t in danger of developing a habit. Whenever offering free caps to those who brought friends back with them, dealers started charging for it once they had repeat customers. Noone will have uched the stuff if it meant sticking a needle in your arm, explains nineteenyearold Sean Isaac, an affable blond who attended identical rehab program as his father, a recovering cocaine addict. Mexican grey tar heroin, known by the nickname chiva, came to Plano by way of Laredo, where it was hidden in the hollowedout soles of shoes and walked across the border, thence driven up Interstate 35 to Dallas and destinations beyond.
In the summer of 1997 Paul taught what he knew about undercover work to Margaret Owens, a ‘then 28 year old’ police academy recruit he hoped could lead them to the teenagers dealing heroin in Plano’s high schools.
He could hang out in the smoking lounge with the kids in the Molly Hatchet Tshirts and say, ‘Hey, do you know where I can get some weed, when we sent an undercover officer into the schools in 1986.
It has gone further underground. That subculture is very difficult to penetrate, Paul explains. Owens seemed like the perfect candidate. For example, paul and the other undercover officers taught her the tricks of the trade and enrolled her at Plano Senior High using doctored copies of her original high school transcripts.
She was also given a new name, another driver’s license and social security number, and a cover story.
North Dallas, she looked the part, her body still slight enough to be a teenage girl’s, her face youthful and freckled across the bridge of her nose.
Her parents in Southern California had become exasperated with her wild behavior and had sent her to Plano to live with her uncle until she straightened herself out. They bought her the props she will need. Loads of info can be found by going online. Paul studied the photos an otherwise healthylooking kid, nude and sprawled across a bathroom floor and felt a kind of dread. Maybe there should be more pictures, these gruesome still lifes, to come. What awaited him in the brick police station in Frisco that day was a jarring revelation. Maybe this was the initial stage of something much larger. Notice, plano Police sergeant Aubrey for a while Texas Highway 289, where Plano’s gated communities and mirrored office parks abruptly give way to unruly stretches of buffalo grass, to take a look at a call he had received the day before from a detective in the neighboring wn of Frisco.
WHAT STRUCK HIM, HE WOULD later say, was that the boy didn’t look anything like a junkie.
Before his heart should sink when calls really like that came in, with that said, this was before he knew the full scope of the serious problem, back when he knew more about heroin from watching The French Connection,he recalled with a halfhearted grin, than he did from his twelve years as a cop. He recounts the not uncommon story of one boy who later died. It was an inexact science, often producing chiva that was alarmingly strong. Next thing I heard was tires peeling out. Sometimes they’ve been no information who he was. Ok, and now one of the most important parts. While leaving a door open for medics so that they could reach the victim, other times, Alexander says, teens would call 911 when a friend had overdosed but bolt from the scene for fear of being arrested.
He’s not breathing!’ He was light blue, and he was lying in the back of a Suburban.
When weekends often brought in panicked teenagers whose friends should not wake up, larry Alexander remembers from his tenure at the Medical Center of Plano emergency room in 1997 and early 1998.
Recovering addicts spoke of vomiting repeatedly after using it and even being thrown into cold showers and slapped awake by friends as they slipped into unconsciousness. We put him on a gurney and started running him back into the ER. You can find a lot more info about it on this website. While buying grey tar heroin from dealers before it was cut, mixing it in ‘hand held’ coffee grinders with Dormin, and eyeballing the color and texture to gauge its potency, me teenagers began selling it to their friends to pay for their own habits. I would do a couple in the morning to feel normal, the way other people have a cup of coffee. Furthermore, I started waking up in a cold sweat, and pretty soon I needed caps just to function, Cooper recalls.
Heroin had its own particular appeal, and for people who got hooked, weekends quickly degenerated into finding a place that we wouldn’t have to move from, Cooper says, where we could sit around and nod off, some had used pot. Or cocaine before.
Heroin was seemingly without boundaries, a drug that people in all cliques The cheerleaders and the football players and the computer geeks and the guys with 5 GPAs, says one recovering user were experimenting with.
Whenever doing chiva every weekend became doing chiva any weekend and every day, initial withdrawal symptoms achy joints, muscle spasms, ‘hotandcold’ flashes kicked in on days when they didn’t use it, For would eventually need roughly $ 100 a day just to prevent themselves from going into withdrawal, Caps generally cost $ 10 apiece.
One boy ld me sheepishly that he had pawned his father’s Mickey Mantle baseball card.
The Betty Ford Clinic has even established its first satellite program in Irving.
In a poll last fall residents said the city’s two most pressing problems were overcrowding and materialism. In light of these developments and the upcoming federal trial, loads of us are aware that there is so it is reassuring news to many people in Plano, as is the substantial new federal funding for drug fighting efforts in the location. Recent wn hall meeting about heroin use drew scarcely fifty people. In his senior year he was curious enough about chiva that he tried it for the first time one night after dinner while his mother was washing the dishes.
You don’t think about the future.
It was regularly described as better high anyone had ever felt, and it was perfect escapism.
There was no great mystery as to why they started experimenting with chiva. It was this tranquil feeling, so this amazing numbness, he remembers. Fact, you need to party with your friends and feel good, to get that buzz. Heroin easily slid into Plano’s weekend scene, in which teenagers often drove out to field parties on the fringes of the neighboring wns of Allen or McKinney, where they could set up a keg or pass around a joint without looking over their shoulders for cops. For the ‘under21’ crowd, it was easier to get than beer. As he had done before with cocaine, he reached for a cap that friends had given him he had tucked it under lots of drugs. While others would meet customers at the nearest gas station whenever they’ve been paged, one dealer sold chiva in the parking lot of the Disciples Christian Church across the street from Plano Senior High, The next day he asked around about getting some more, and it wasn’t a problem to find. He had a far lower lerance for heroin than usual that night, malina had been clean for nearly two months.
Friends of one boy, who had vomited on himself after shooting up, tried to wash him off by putting him in a Jacuzzi, where they left him, in a daze, to drown.
The doctor wanted us to see what had happened, to really look at him, Cooper says, his eyes fixed on the ground.
He snorted two chiva caps, and by the end of the evening, his speech was slurred and he was having difficulty walking. He met them at the emergency room, where a doctor directed him and seven friends into the room where Malina’s lifeless body lay, his face blue and caked with blood. It was awful. Basically, his friends ld him to sleep it off, and so he lay semiconscious in a bedroom for a couple of hours, feverish and vomiting. Cooper had provided the heroin, On Malina’s twentieth birthday, nearly a year and a half ago, friends gathered at a house in Willow Bend and passed around champagne, pot, and chiva. Others waited will end in the fatal overdose of one of Cooper’s friends, Milan Malina, whom he had first met in ‘ninthgrade’ gym class. Then again, the naiveté of they have been using should cost a few of them their life.
Cooper had already returned home by the time someone discovered that Malina wasn’t breathing anymore.
I had one man push me to the wall after I’d saved his son’s life and tell me that I’d faked the drug test, that it couldn’t be heroin.
He ld me it will ruin his son’s chances of getting into college. Then again, for parents, the denial is incredible, Alexander says. Seriously. Plenty of parents refused to reckon that their kids were using drugs in the first instance. Since many addicts unless they had graduated to needles for a stronger high and had been shooting up for a substantial timespan often maintained their grades and a healthy, there were few obvious signs to look for ‘cleancut’ appearance.
Hospitals are not required to notify parents of emergency room admittances if their child is sixteen or older, often parents had no information what sort of trouble their children were getting into, except in ‘life threatening’ cases or death.
While drawing out the cadence of his native Louisiana, he is equally convincing as a perfect ol’ boy looking for the next high, slouching in the seat of his pickup with an easy smile.
Now, a clean shave, and the rigid posture of an onetime military man, ’35 year old’ Paul is more buttoneddown than the other undercover narcs, he can easily transform himself from cop to civilian with a quick shift in body language, with short light brown hair. SERGEANT AUBREY PAUL is well liked by his undercover officers, a boisterous, for a while hours working gether have forged an intense camaraderie.
Another question isSo the question is this. As now, national headlines resounded with identical question, Why Plano?
The Centers for Disease Control investigated and found no particular cause, Some blamed the city’s rootlessness, others its high expectations.
While leaving parents with the unhappy task of examining why their kids, who had been given everything, chose to throw it all away, with the exception of the high school sweethearts, none of the teens wrote suicide notes.
Actually an unhurried street of antiques shops that ‘dead ends’ at the rusting railroad depot the city has grown rapidly westward, nonetheless Plano begins east of Central Expressway where modest frame houses lie near its former business hub.
It is where the city’s subdivisions and gated communities lie, their streets lined with ordinary ‘split level’ homes as well as what residents jokingly call tract mansions.
Even the French restaurant is part of a national conglomerate, Locally owned businesses are rare in this land of high end franchises and upscale chain stores. While bearing signs that attract buyers while buzz saws hum in the background, these neighborhoods are only partially built. Generally, the heart of Plano lies on the other side of the expressway, where six lane boulevards slice the city into a grid of disorientingly similar streets. Actually a ready made community for newcomers, West Plano seems designed to feel immediately familiar with its manmade ponds, newly planted saplings, and sod that is kept a vibrant dark green under the spray of a thousand sprinkler systems. Anyways, in Dallas, grey tar was easier to find than pot, and even China White a stronger, more refined heroin from Asia was becoming readily available, heroin is currently much harder to come by in Plano after the police stings, teenagers had ld me.
He observes, a lot more kids would have died, I’d say in case we hadn’t aggressively pursued these dealers.
ON A BRISK TUESDAY EVENING THIS OCTOBER, Paul and I drove down Central Expressway to Dallas, where he promised to show me a spot where Plano teens were now coming to buy heroin.
He remains fiercely committed to his task, paul is keenly aware that even his department’s monumental successes are shortlived. Therefore a few moments later, after a dealer drove by, the Volkswagen lurched out of the gas station and began the strange catandmouse game that many users had previously described to me. Have you heard of something like this before? We briefly tailed the dealer until he lost us in a maze of side streets. Paul read its license plate numbers over the police radio to a dispatcher back at headquarters, who confirmed that the car was registered to a Plano address. We’ll catch up with him at one point or another. It is whenever leaving the motor running, weaving down side streets, the Volkswagen followed the dealer until he abruptly turned his car into an alleyway and stopped.
They’re here any night, Paul said after we had lost sight of him.
They both sped off into the night, The Volkswagen driver leapt out of the car, handed over cash, and shoved what was handed to him into his pocket.
Rounding the corner of a gas station in a ‘welltodo’ neighborhood, we spotted three teenagers in a white Volkswagen, its engine running, parked ward the rear of the lot. Recommending means so it’s a discussion worth sharing. Now please pay attention. It gets shared to your followers’ Disqus feeds, and gives the creator kudos! Surely it’s clear that nearly any major Dallas suburb has had at least one fatal heroin overdose this year, overdose statistics are difficult to come by since medical examiners are not required to identify overdoses by the specific drug that caused them.
The tal number of people in the Metroplex seeking treatment for heroin addiction rose 300 percent in the past two years.
Plano’s most recent overdose death, that of ‘eighteenyearold’ Tyler Marston, occurred in the course of the same week in November as the overdose deaths of a sixteen year old in Lake Dallas and a ‘nineteen year old’ in Arlington.
He should meet you in ten minutes, one nineteen year old ld me, when you used to page a dealer. Anyway, the previous month there had been five fatal heroin overdoses in Tarrant County alone. Also, now there’s very much demand that you have to wait. Garland, Richardson, Carrollton, Grapevine, ‘Hurst Euless Bedford’, Arlington, North Richland Hills, Haltom City, and as far north as Denton. Usually, drug seizures in North Texas rose by 400 percent last year. Notice, the statistics that are available are startling. Few people are talking about the fact that many teenagers we’ve got still using heroin and that the trouble is quietly spreading to other suburbs around the Metroplex. Marine home for the holidays, a philosophy major at the University of Texas at Austin, a high school senior preparing for a summer trip to Europe, a football star from Plano East Senior High.
So that’s the backdrop on which suburbia’s failings, particularly for teenagers, often first unfold.
Plano is the suburban ideal taken to its extreme, and its exaggerated scale often gives rise to exaggerated problems.
However, what actually is astonishing by one emergency room doctor’s estimation was admitted to the city’s hospitals in the past two years while overdosing. Then, the youngest to die was a ‘seventhgrade’ soccer player whose body was found in a church parking lot. There was fifteen fatal overdoses in the past two years, nine of them teenagers, all but one younger than They came from good homes and had bright futures. When Plano’s population began to climb, in the early eighties there was a rash of teen suicides. Dallas for a while as an elderly woman died of a heart attack while he was robbing her for drug money, or the eighteenyearold son of a Penney Company executive who was revived after falling into a coma but suffered such severe brain for ageser speak or walk. Now heroin has hit the city hard. Generally, no death ll can convey the other devastations. Make sure you leave suggestions about it. This was the kid at the doctor’s office who would scream bloody murder when the doctor got out the needle.
Parents would grapple with very similar question more than a decade later when heroin first made its presence known, and they should find themselves similarly unprepared. For any longer because I knew they weren’t Jason’ He had just finished a summer program at Dartmouth, my first reaction for any longer to?’ she recalled, he was making A’s and winning debate tournaments, he never came to the premises late, he was dating the right girl.
Belita Nelson, formerly the debate coach at Plano East Senior High, ld me about the day she found needles and a syringe in her house. We think we know our children so well. You feel no pain, no worries, says seventeen year old Jonathan Kollman, a minister’s son who is serving an one year sentence at the Collin County jail for dealing heroin, when it hits you.
THE HEROIN CAME FROM THE FOOTHILLS of the Sierra Madres scarlet blossoms that when cooked down to a gummy paste over makeshift grills in the poppy fields of Southern Mexico promised to deliver everything that Plano was not. You feel really relaxed and good inside. Whenever giving the illusion that all needs hunger, thirst, human interaction are fulfilled, unlike cocaine or speed, heroin slows things down to a pleasurable state of apathy. After which the drug’s euphoric effects fade into a warm, the initial rush is a rapturous, slack jawed jolt that lasts for a minute or two, drowsy state that lasts for a few hours. It also mimics the body’s natural production of endorphins, but at an accelerated rate, synthesized for wounded soldiers, heroin’s express purpose is to inhibit the brain’s ability to perceive pain.
It should take the edge off things, Clay Roper, a ‘softspoken’ twenty year old, ld me as he sat at his mother’s kitchen table, his hands folded neatly in front of him.
For Sergeant Paul, whose team of undercover officers has worked next to impossible to keep the threat of heroin at bay, such numbers are dispiriting.
Mexico, swatting at the crimsoncolored flowers until their petals fell to the ground, and I wondered if he Know what, I thought of news footage I had recently seen, as he drove me through the streets of Plano to the house that serves as home base for the city’s undercover cops. When dozens of squad cars pulled up to Plano’s high schools right after the bell rang for first period, the arrests came on a drizzly gray Monday morning in March. For example, students were pulled out of class and handcuffed in the principal’s office, and they looked bewildered as they have been led outside.
All told, 38 people were hauled off, 19 of them students a major victory for Paul and his officers, who had nabbed key members of the Pineda family, the city’s p heroin dealers, the previous week with the must be for awhile Central Expressway carrying a few pounds of methamphetamines. In the end, paul knew his department had a job to do waiting to fight this next battle. Undercover officers were elated, and Paul planned to take Owens and his crew out for a steak dinner to celebrate, as news of the undercover operation in Plano’s high schools broke on a few Dallas TV stations. They are problem solvers corporate executives and ‘midlevel’ managers who reckon that any problem must have its logical solution, that with some elbow grease and determination and a well thought out plan, they can rid their community of even this most unimaginable of scourges.
By the way, the residents of Plano are wellmeaning and ‘hard working’ people without patience for fatalism or even pessimism about their ability to win this battle. Our purpose here tonight, a minister ld a crowd of 1800 at a standingroomonly wn hall meeting about heroin use in November 1997, is that our fear with that said, this month marks the culmination of their work. Mexican Americans and Mexican nationals some with nicknames similar to Beefy and Dreamer they are believed to be the primary heroin distributors in Collin County. Prosecutors will attempt to trace the heroin that was found in the bodies of four deceased overdose victims back to them and use an obscure federal law that adds a minimum of twenty years to dealers’ sentences if the drugs they peddled resulted in a fatal overdose.